Modern manufacturing is a direct consequence of a forced transformation—forced by changing economics and by massive product and supply chain complexity.The same sort of transformation is taking place today in enterprise IT.Manufacturing evolved from manual to automated, ad hoc to repeatable. From art to science. Manufacturing has been forced to “industrialize.” Aiding in the effort are product lifecycle and supply chain management tools for streamlining manufacturing process and linking together previously isolated stages in the value chain. Manufacturing is a useful analogy for the transformation taking place in enterprise IT. After all, these same challenges—many inputs, many actors, massive scale, constant change and frequent specialization—could just as easily describe the state of IT today.